GP Essay Skills - Paper 2 - Comparison and Contrast

3. COMPARISON & CONTRAST

Question Types:

- Identify the similarities between X and Y.

- What is the difference between X and Y?

Task:

- Comparison: Identify the commonality between the two different subjects. Write a SYTHENSIZED answer that captures the similarities.

- Contrast: Identify the contrast first in your mind. Contextualise your answer, highlighting the contrast in the two examples clearly

Examples:

a. What are the similarities and differences between the new generation ‘born into the age of the internet, email and mobile phone’ (lines 79-80) and the children in the Chrysalids? Use your own words as far as possible. [3] (‘A’ Level 2006)

Lifted

Paraphrased

‘gives them extra-sensory perception, the ability to think each other’s thoughts’ (lines 78-79) … ‘giving them the means to interact and blend into a cohesive, whole society.’ (lines 80-81)

‘as a result of radiation following a nuclear war’ (line 77)… technological advancement (implied)

‘undergone a mutation’ (line 78)…. ‘born into’ (line 79)

Both groups are similar in that they are able to easily communicate with and understand their peers in an unprecedented way. [1]

The children in The Chrysalids were different from the past generations due to the disastrous effects of a nuclear war while the new generation is impacted by staggering technological advancements. (Think: positive vs negative) [1]

The children in the novel undergone physical changes through mutation while the real children were impacted by external environmental changes (Think: internal vs external) [1]

ii. Explain how, according to Paragraph 4, animals and inanimate objects differ from humans. [2] (GCE A Level 2004)

Lifts

Explanation

‘… tasting, discriminating, choosing.’ (line 37-38)

Humans are discerning, intelligent beings [1/2]

‘…being wise or prudent.’ (lines 39)

The world’s history shows how choice is fundamental in making us different from animals who must obey their instincts, or from inanimate objects which are entirely subject to the natural forces acting upon them.’ (lines 39-41)

We are able to make decisions based on our free will [1/2], unlike animals that are controlled by their impulses/intuition and unlike inanimate objects that fall under the laws of nature. [1]

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